“Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. Major progress has been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio and the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, many more efforts are needed to fully eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues.” United Nations
Goal 3 is an incredibly broad issue and you can see this reflected in the need for more targets in this area than in Goals 1 and 2. Good health and well being needs to target all areas of humanity, from maternal and foetal illness/deaths, to non communicable diseases, to mental health issues, HIV/AIDS, sanitation and all the many illnesses and diseases that heavily affect those living in extreme poverty in the developing world. However it cannot be ignored there are also many health issues in the developed world that also need support. A lot of these issues cannot be dealt with by treatment for the ailment alone. The root causes also need to treated and this will require investigation, assessment and education in many instances, as well as preventative measures being put in place.
Ill health does not just affect a persons physical well being either, but in many cases will affect a persons livelihood and ability to support themselves as well. This issue can manifest itself in both the developed world (possibly through long periods of sick leave or an inability to continue working at all) or in the developed word (illnesses such as HIV/AIDS make lepers of sufferers, particularly women, and may result in property/land confiscation). Therefore not only does the ailment need treating but a support system to help the patient through recovery, whilst sustaining their household and family, needs to be set in place.
1. By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
2. By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
3. By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases
4. By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being
5. Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol
6. By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents
7. By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
8. Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all
9. By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
10. Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate
11. Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
12. Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States
13. Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks
(Target information taken from http://www.sustainabledevelopment.un.org)
More information on Goal 3, the break down of its targets and progress made so far can be found at Sustainable Development UN Org.