The worlds soils, freshwater supplies, oceans, forests & biodiversities are being destroyed. Due to these problems many people cannot sustain work on their land and so are forced to move on to seek new opportunities, creating hunger, loss of work and displacement.
The issue with hunger is not just to provide those in need with food to eat but the resources and skills to grow and sustain their own produce. Issues with climate control affecting our natural resources also needs careful attention, as does the ability to trade. Issues of displacement due to hunger is another area that needs to be managed.
Goal 2 focuses on ending hunger, achieving food security & improving nutrition & promoting sustainable agriculture.
1. By 2030, end hunger & ensure access by all people, in particular the poor & people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious & sufficient food all year round
2. By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting & wasting in children under 5 years of age, & address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant & lactating women & older persons
3. By 2030, double the agricultural productivity & incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists & fishers, including through secure & equal access to land, other productive resources & inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets & opportunities for value addition & non-farm employment
4. By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems & implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity & production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding & other disasters & that progressively improve land & soil quality
5. By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants & farmed & domesticated animals & their related wild species, including through soundly managed & diversified seed & plant banks at the national, regional & international levels, & promote access to & fair & equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources & associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
6. Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research & extension services, technology development & plant & livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries
7. Correct & prevent trade restrictions & distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies & all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
8. Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets & their derivatives & facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility
To read more about the targets in detail and find out what progress made so far is then please visit Sustainable Development UN Org